Over the past years, Harris Varsakis has created a big collection of beautiful and intriguing paintings. These pantings have been reproduced using laser printing on canvas, others by silk print in a limited and numbered edition. Both can be ordered on line.
Adonis, in Greek mythology, is the symbol
of beauty and desire. He is a central figure in various mystery religions. His
religion belonged to women.
He is an annually-renewed, ever-youthful vegetation
god, a life-death-rebirth-deity whose nature is tied to the calendar. His name
is often applied in modern times to handsome youths, of whom he is the
The central myth in its Greek telling mentions that
Aphrodite fell in love with the beautiful youth. She sheltered Adonis as a
new-born baby and entrusted him to Persephone.
was also taken by Adonis' beauty and refused to give him back to Aphrodite. The
dispute between the two goddesses was settled by Zeus: Adonis was to spend
one-third of every year with each goddess and the last third wherever he chose.
He chose to spend two-thirds of the year with Aphrodite.
was killed by a wild boar, sent by Artemis, who was jealously in love with him
herself. But because she had vowed to
remain a virgin, she could not have him.
He died in Aphrodite’s arms.
in Greek mythology was the god of the winds
lived on the floating island of Aeolia, where he was visited by Odysseus and
his crew on their way back from Troje to Ithaca.
He gave them hospitality for a month and provided for a west wind to bring them
home fast and safely.
also offered them a bag containing all winds but the west. Unfortunately, just
before they reached Ithaca, Odysseus’ crew
foolishly opened this bag and the winds blew them back to Aeolia.
refused them further help because he believed that their short and unsuccessful
voyage meant that the gods did not favour them.
Prometheus, the Titan who
stole fire from the Gods and gave it to mankind, became the victim of Zeus’
anger. Zeus decided to punish Prometheus by chaining him to a rock in the
Caucasus. Furthermore he sent an eagle to eat his liver every day. Due to
Prometheus’ immortality, the liver was regenerated every night, only to serve
as a fresh meal for the eagle the next day.
This painting shows how
the total freedom of capital (Milton Friedman’s dogma) results in the anarcho-capitalists’
savoring the liver of people worldwide
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess
of love, beauty and sexuality.
Zeus realized that her
unequaled beauty might become the cause of violence between the other Gods and
married her off to Hephaestus, the lame god of fire and craftmanship.
Aphrodite possessed the
mythical apple from the garden of the Hesperides, which shows a parallel to the
story of Eve.
Daphne (meaning Laurel) is
known in Greek mythology as a Naiad - a type of female nymph associated
with fountains, wells, springs, streams, brooks and other types of freshwater.
Because of her beauty, Daphne attracted the attention and lust of the god
Apollo pursued her and just
before being overtaken, Daphne pleaded to her father, the river god Pineios or
Ladon and Gaia.
He changed her into a laurel tree, just before Apollo could
The laurel became sacred to Apollo and at the Pythian Games, which
were held every four years in Delphi in honour of Apollo, the winners were
crowned with a wreath of laurel gathered from Thessaly.
Apollo, the son of
Zeus and Leto, a Titan’s daughter, was one of the most important and complex of
the Olympian gods in Greek Mythology.
Apollo has been
variously recognized as a God of light and the sun, truth and prophesy,
healing, plague and more.
He was the father of
the famous musician Orpheus, to whom he gave a golden lyre and taught to play
As the leader of the
Muses, he functioned as the patron god of music and poetry. The
lyre created for him by Hermes became his attribute.
This painting shows
him as the god of the sun, with his famous lyre, surrounded by muses and
dolphins, the ultimate symbol of friendship.
the son of Zeus and Leto (a Titan’s daughter), was one of the most important
and complex of the Olympian gods in Greek mythology.
has been variously recognised as a god of light and the sun, truth and
prophesy, fertility, music, poetry etc.
is also associated with medicine and healing, whether through the god himself
or mediated through his son Asclepius. But at the same time Apollo was
considered a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague.
the patron of Delphi, Apollo was the prophetic
deity of the Delphic Oracle.
painting shows him as Apollo Helios (god of the sun), fighting the Python who
lived in a cave in Delphi, symbolising the
battle between light and darkness (good and bad).
This painting shows the revolution of
the people in Arab states for more democracy and freedom, represented by the
Egyptian mythological fight between the brothers Osiris, the good one and Set,
the evil one.
Set married his twin sister Nephtys.
His brother Osiris was married to his twin
sister Isis. While on the right hand side of this painting the good god Osiris
and his wife/sister lived in peace, harmony and prosperity, his brother , the bad
god Set (on the left hand side) and his wife/sister lived in turmoil.
In this painting on the left hand side,
the different dictators are shown, represented by the evil god Seth, while on the
right hand side the people in search of democracy and freedom are represented
by the good god Osiris.
Artemis (Roman: Diana) was the daughter of Zeus and
Leto and she was the twin sister of Apollo.
She was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild
animals, nature, wilderness, childbirth, virginity, protector of young girls,
bringing and relieving disease in women. The deer and the cypress were sacred
to her. Her symbols included the golden bow and arrow, the hunting dog, the
stag, and the moon.
All of her companions remained virgins, and Artemis
guarded her own chastity.
Acteon saw the virgin goddess naked in her sacred spring and tries to force
himself on her. For this abuse of the goddess and all she represented, he is
punished and changed into a stag, and subsequently killed by his own hunting dogs.
is portrayed with two faces, expressing that nature can be beautiful, but also
harsh in punishing those who abuse her.
This painting pictures Artemis as the Lady of Ephesus. At Ephesus in Ionia,
nowadays Turkey, her temple became one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It
was probably the best known center of her worship except for Delos. In an
ancient sanctuary her cult image depicted the "Lady of Ephesus"
adorned with multiple rounded breast like protuberances on her chest. They have
been variously interpreted as multiple accessory breasts, grapes and pears.
was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion. He used the
healing ability of his holy snakes, which became his symbol.
was the son of Apollo and Coronia (a Thessalian princess). His mother died in
labor, but his father rescued the child by cutting him from her womb. This
explains the name Asclepius, ‘to cut open’. Apollo carried the baby to the
centaur Chiron, who raised and instructed him in the art of medicine.
(God of the underworld) feared that Asclepius’ healing powers would cause
lesser spirits of the dead to come to his kingdom and made his brother Zeus
kill him with his thunderbolt. To prevent further feuds with his angered son
Apollo, Zeus later resurrected Asclepius as a God.
original Hippocratic oath began with: ‘I swear by Apollo the physician and by
Asclepius and by Hygieia and Panacea (his two healing daughters) and by all the
originated from Phoenicia
and was a symbol of fertility, sexuality and war.
Her attributes were the lion,
the horse, the sphinx, the dove and a star within a circle, indicating the
planet Venus (Greek: Aphrodite).
was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite.
The island of Cyprus
is one of Astarte’s greatest faith centers.
is the goddess of wisdom, warfare, courage and inspiration.
attributes are the owl (symbol of wisdom) and the olive branch (symbol of peace
and victory) . Though she is a goddess of war strategy, she preferred wisdom to
is the daughter of Zeus and Metis (goddess of crafty thought and wisdom).
a prophecy that Metis would give birth to ’a god greater than he’, Zeus
swallowed her. But she was already pregnant with Athene, who burst forth from
his head, fully grown and dressed for war.
competed with Poseidon to be the patron god of Athens. They would each give the
Athenians one gift to choose from. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident
and created a spring. This would give them a means of trade and water (which,
unfortunately was undrinkable). Athene offered them the first domesticated
olive tree, which provided wood, oil and food. The olive tree was chosen and
with it Athene’s patronage.
world egg or cosmic egg is a mythological motif found in the creation myths of
many cultures and civilizations.
the cosmic egg is a beginning of some sort. The universe or some primordial
being comes into existence by ‘hatching’ from the egg, starting life in all its
Greek mythology, Dimitra (Demeter) is the goddess of the harvest, who presided
over the grains and the fertility of the earth. She is the daughter of the
Titans Cronus and Rhea. Her daughter by Zeus was Persephone, goddess of
virgin daughter Persephone was abducted by Hades, god of the underworld, who
made her Queen of his kingdom. Demeter searched for her ceaselessly,
preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The seasons halted, all living things
ceased to grow, then began to die.
with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus, Persephone’s father, sent his
messenger Hermes to the underworld to bring his daughter back.
brother Hades agreed to release her for certain months every year, either during the dry
Mediterranean summer, or the autumn and winter.
time in the underworld corresponds with the unfruitful seasons and her return
to the upper world with springtime when everything comes back to life.
Greek mythology Dionysos was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine,
of ritual madness and ecstasy.
is portrayed as the son of Zeus and the mortal Semele, which makes him
semi-divine or heroic.
He is a major popular figure and his festivals
were the driving force behind the development of Greek theatre.
is an example of a dying god. His central cult imagery shows his triumphant,
disorderly arrival, as if from some unknown, uncivilized place. His procession
is made up of wild female followers and satyrs.
religions considered him the protector of those who do not belong to
conventional society and thus symbolized every thing that is chaotic.
this painting Greece
is represented by a woman in shredded cloths, caused by the greed of certain of
the background, the faces of former Greek philanthropist, the ones that donated
a.o. hospitals and schools. With in their midst Lord Byron, who even gave his
life for the liberation of the country.
Europe is trying to pull her out of the swamp,
she is being pulled back by those whose greed is not yet fulfilled.
concerns the overcoming of obstacles to the love between Eros (Latin Cupido,
“ Love") and Psyche,("Soul", or
“Butterfly) and their ultimate union in marriage.
Psyche was considered extremely beautiful. Her beauty and consequent suitors cause Aphrodite’s
jealousy and she orders her son Eros to work her revenge. But Eros falls
in love with her and desires to possess her for himself.
Aphrodite tries to prevent this marriage of her son with a beautiful mortal and
obstructs wherever she can.
At last Eros takes
his case to Zeus, who gives his consent in return for Eros’ future help
whenever a choice maiden catches his eye. Zeus warns Aphrodite to back off, and
gives Psyche ambrosia, the drink of immortality, so the couple can be united in
marriage as equals. “The child born to the couple is Hedone
In Greek mythology Europa was a
beautiful Mesopotamian woman of high lineage. She represented all wisdom and
civilization, which existed in her homeland and which was brought through her
to Crete and from there into Europe. The name of the continent of Europe has
ultimately been taken from her.
According to mythology, Zeus was
enamored of her and decided to seduce her. He transformed himself into a tame
white bull and mixed with her father’s herds. While Europa and her female
attendants were gathering flowers, she saw the bull, caressed his flanks and
eventually got onto his back. Zeus took the opportunity and ran to the sea and
swam, with her on his back to the island of Crete. He then revealed his true
identity, and Europa became the first Queen of Crete.
After arriving in Crete, Europa had
three sons: Minos, the founder of the Minoan civilization; Rhadamanthus and
Sarpedon. After their death, the three of them became the three judges of the
underworld. According to mythology her sons were fathered by Zeus , who recreated
later the shape of the white bull in the sky, which is now known as the
painting shows an interpretation of Darwin’s
theory on Evolution, which is kept in motion by the energizing power of light.
This painting shows the different
seasons, with Apollo Helios (god of the sun) as the central entity.
starts with spring (twins in the uterus),
followed by summer (grapes growing),
next autumn ( wine preparing with Dionysos, the god of wine)
and last winter
(when all is dying).
In Greek mythology, Gaia
("land" or "earth"; also Gaea, or Ge) was
the personification of the Earth, one of the Greek primordial deities.
Gaia was the great mother of all. She created and gave birth to the
Earth and all the Universe; the heavenly gods, the Titans, and the Giants were
born to her. The gods reigning over their classical pantheon were born from her
union with Uranus (the sky), while the sea-gods were born from her union with
Pontos (the sea).
equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra.
to Greek mythology, Zeus had an affair with the mortal woman Alcmene. From
their union, the hero Heracles was born. The goddess Hera, Zeus’ wife hated the
of Hera's revenge led Alcmene to expose of the infant Heracles, but he was
taken up and brought to Hera by his half-sister Athena, who played an important
role as protectress of heroes.
did not recognize Heracles and nursed him out of pity.
He suckled Hera’s breast so strongly that
he caused her pain, and she pushed him away. Her milk sprayed across the
heavens and formed the Milky Way.
In Greek mythology, Ganymedes is a
divine hero whose homeland was Troy.
He was described as the most beautiful of mortals.
One day Ganymedes was having a bath in the spring of Mount Ida.
Zeus was looking down from Mount Olympus
at the naked youth and full of passion he transformed himself into an eagle and
flew down to abduct Ganymedes to Olympus
to be his lover boy. There Zeus granted him eternal youth and immortality and
the office of cupbearer to the Gods.
Ganymedes became a symbol of the
beautiful young male who attracted homosexual desire and of the divine love
devotion of the Unknown god or Agnostos Theos is based on the theory that in
addition to the twelve main Olympian gods and the innumerable lesser deities,
other, till then unknown gods might exist, whose names and nature were not yet
revealed to the ancient Greeks. So they worshipped a deity they called the
In Athens there was a temple
specifically dedicated to the god. He was not so much a specific deity, but he
represented any god or gods whose actual existence might be revealed in the future.
Hephaestus (Roman: Vulcan) was the Greek god of fire
and volcanoes, metals, metallurgy technology, blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans
He is the son
of Hera independently, as punishment for Zeus giving birth to Athena
Hephaestus’ power was considered of physical nature in
From his birth the god of fire was lame, which gave
him a grotesque appearance. Therefore, his mother disliked him so much that she
dropped him from Mount Olympus. But the marine divinities, Thetis and Eurynome
received him and he lived with them for nine years in a cave, making for them a
variety of ornaments.
During this period he created the golden chair, from
which he would not release his mother, as punishment for her cruelty. Only when
he was intoxicated with wine and taken back by Dionysus, he let her go.
Hephaestus was the only Olympian to have returned to
Olympus after being exiled.
Zeus gave him the goddess Aphrodite as a bride, out of
fear that her beauty and sexual attraction would cause unrest on Mount Olympus.
This angered and saddened the goddess and caused her unstoppable infidelity to
(Roman Hercules), a divine hero in Greek mythology, is the son of Zeus and
Alcmene. Besides an Olympian champion, he was the god of heroes, sports and
divine protector of mankind.
mad by Hera, Heracles killed his own six sons. After recovering his sanity, he
deeply regretted his actions and traveled to Delphi to inquire how to carry out
his penance. The oracle advised him to live at Tyrins and serve King Eurystheus
for 12 years, performing any labour he was ordered to.
ordered Heracles to perform ten labours. After he completed these, the king
ordered him two additional duties, for two out of ten were not performed
properly. For the first one he had to steal the apples from the garden of the
Hesperides. They were nymphs, who kept a garden with golden apples, not meant
to be possessed by mortals.
first had to conquer Ladon, the dragon-like guardian of the apples. Thus paving
the way to pick them and bring them to Eurystheus, who was furious that
Heracles had accomplished a seemingly impossible task.
Heracles (Roman Hercules), a divine hero in Greek
mythology, is the son of Zeus and Alcmene.
Olympian champion, he was the God of heroes, sports and divine protector of
Driven mad by Hera, who never stopped hating him,
Heracles killed his own six sons. After recovering his sanity, he deeply
regretted his actions and traveled to Delphi to inquire how to carry out his
penance. The oracle advised him to live at Tyrins and serve King Eurystheus for
12 years, performing any labour he was ordered to.
The second one of these seemingly impossible duties
was to conquer the nine headed Lernean Hydra. In Greek mythology, Hydra was an
ancient nameless serpent-like water beast. It possessed reptilian traits with
many heads (for each head cut off, two more would grow) and a poisonous breath,
so virulent that even her tracks were deadly.
Its lair was the lake
of Lerna. Beneath the waters was an entrance to the Underworld and the Hydra
was its guardian.
son of Hermes and Aphrodite in Greek mythology was fused with a nymph,
Salmacis. This resulted in one individual possessing physical characteristics
of both sexes.
Hermaphroditos was the son of Hermes and Aphrodite.
The nymph Salmacis
fell desperately in love with the beautiful youth and begged the gods to be forever
When he was bathing in a pond, she embraced him very tightly and
the gods fused her with him.
This resulted in one
individual possessing the physical characteristics of both sexes.
is an Olympian god, the great messenger of the gods in Greek mythology.
is also the patron of the cunning of thieves, of commerce in general, of
boundaries and the travelers who cross them. He has been described as the one
of many shifts, blandly cunning, a robber and a thief at the gates. Due to his
constant mobility, he was considered the god of commerce and social
intercourse, the wealth brought in business. He protects and takes care of all travelers, miscreants, harlots,
old crones and thieves that pray to him or cross his path.
this painting Hermes’ own cunning is surpassed and he is being destroyed by
bigger, better, more cunning thieves than even the god himself.
is a goddess of the first generation. She was the first child of the Titans
Cronus and Rhea and sister to Demeter, Hera, Zeus, Poseidon and Hades.
Immediately after their birth Cronus swallowed all but the last and youngest,
Zeus. He forced his father to disgorge his siblings and led them in a war
against Cronus and the other Titans. As ‘first to be swallowed and last to be
thrown up again’, Hestia was both the youngest and the eldest daughter.
name means ‘home and hearth’, the household and its inhabitants. Her function
was to feed and maintain the fires of the Olympian hearth. Her name and
function shows the importance of the hearth and its fire in the social,
religious and political life of ancient Greece: essential for warmth, food
preparation and the completion of sacrificial offerings to the gods.
Responsibility for Hestia’s domestic cult usually fell to the leading woman of
Just as the accidental or negligent extinction
of a domestic hearth-fire represented a failure of domestic and religious care
for the family, failure to maintain Hestia’s public fire was a breach of duty
to the broad community.
swears herself to perpetual virginity. She thus rejects Aphrodite’s values and
becomes, to some extent, her chaste, domestic complementary, or antithesis
this personal family portrait Hestia is representing not only home and hearth,
but fire and family, with children and grandchildren.
In ancient times (and still today) in
many cultures priests, oracles, shamans,
consuming this specific mushroom made the user undertake a mind travel for 3
days to meet the ancestors and ask them
for answers to their questions
Greek mythology, the Lernean Hydra was an ancient nameless serpent-like water
possessed reptilian traits with many heads (for each head cut off, two more
would grow) and a poisonous breath, so virulent that even her tracks were
lair was the lake
of Lerna. Beneath the
waters was an entrance to the Underworld and the Hydra was its guardian.
this painting it represents the actors of the inquisition, who, with the help
of the worms (the aristocracy) stole the possessions of those who were
convicted by this same inquisition.
Greek Mythology the father of Icarus, Daedalus was commissioned by the Minoan
king Minas to construct the famous labyrinth, from which nobody could escape.
constructing this labyrinth, Daedalus was imprisoned by the king to prevent him
from unveiling the secret of his creation. He decided on a way to escape for
himself and his son by flying from the island of Crete, using a combination of
feathers and beeswax for wings.
warned his son not to fly too high as the sun would make the wax melt with
however, in his youthful arrogance, ignored his father’s warning and paid for it
with his life.
In Greek Mythology the father
of Icarus, Daedalus was commissioned by the Minoan king Minas to construct the
famous labyrinth, from which nobody could escape.
After constructing this
labyrinth, Daedalus was imprisoned by the king to prevent him from unveiling
the secret of his creation. He decided on a way to escape for himself and his
son by flying from the island of Crete, using a combination of feathers and
beeswax for wings.
He warned his son not to fly
too high as the sun would make the wax melt with disastrous consequences . Icarus, however, in his
youthful arrogance, ignored his father’s warning and decided to challenge the god
of the sun Apollo and his chariot of fire. He paid for it with his life.
Leda and the Swan is a story from the
Greek mythology in which Zeus, the King of gods, seduced Leda in the shape of a
Swan on the same night she slept with her husband Tyndareus, King of Sparta.
Leda laid two eggs, from which hatched
the children, Helen and Polydeuces, children of Zeus, and Castor and
Clytemnestra, children of her husband Tyndareus.
The circle of
life, from birth to death.
The miracle of new life, given by a mother, growth,
the peak, and the aging process. It is all part of life.
mushrooms are delicious and very nutricious
New life created to
serve as food for the human sharks.
a beautiful Gorgon, caught having sex with Poseidon in the temple of Athena.
This angered the goddess and made her transform the Gorgon into the monster,
known as Medusa, with the face of a hideous human female, having living
venomous snakes in place of hair. Gazing directly upon her would turn onlookers
to stone. She was beheaded by Perseus while looking at her reflection in the
mirrored shield he received from Athena. During that time, Medusa was pregnant
by Poseidon. When Perseus beheaded her,
Pegasus, the winged horse, sprang from her body. In this painting Medusa symbolises the wild
growth of capitalism, crushing people globally, resulting in their uprise to
bring forth the beheading of unlimited capitalism through the sword of Perseus.
n Greek Mythology,, the Moires
often known in English as the Fates
—were the white-robed incarnations
They controlled the
metaphorical thread of life of every mortal from birth to death.
independent, directed fate, and watched
that the fate assigned to every being takes its course without obstruction.
Both gods and men had to submit to them.
Their names were:
- Clotho– "spinner". She spun the thread of
life from her distaff onto her spindle
- Lachesis– "allotter" or drawer of lots,
measured the thread of life allotted to each person with her measuring rod
- Atropos– "inexorable" or
"inevitable", was the cutter of the thread of life. She chose
the manner of each person's death; and when their time was come, she cut
their life-thread with her abhorred shear
- In this painting the three
Moires represent the role and unquestioned power of rating agencies to control
the destiny of individual entities (in this case whole countries)
In Greek mythology,
Narcissus was a hunter who was
known for his beauty. He was the son of the river god Cephissus and nymph
Liriope. He was proud, in that he disdained those who loved him. Nemesis
noticed this behavior and attracted Narcissus to a pool, where he saw his own
reflection in the water and fell in love with it, not realizing it was merely
an image. Unable to leave the beauty of his reflection, Narcissus drowned.
Narcissus is the origin of the term narcissism,
a fixation with oneself.
of the myth have survived from ancient sources.
A lesser known version of the
myth by Pausanius describes the love between Narcissus and his twin sister,
whose death, he could not overcome. When he bent over to the pool to drink some
water, he saw his own reflection in the water, but thought it was the image of
his beloved sister. When he realised he could never be reunited with her, he
was inconsolably, could not distract himself from the image and died from lack
The gods, out of
pity transformed him into the flower we all know: the Narcissus.
In Greek mythology Odysseus started his Odyssey to
return home to the island of Ithaca, 10 years after the end of the 10-year
of the many perils he had to overcome was his encounter with the Sirens. They were dangerous and
beautiful creatures, portrayed as femmes fatales who lured nearby sailors with
their enchanting music and voices, to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their
island. To avoid being shipwrecked and in order to escape from the Sirens, all
sailors had their ears plugged up with beeswax, except for Odysseus, who was
tied to the mast as he wanted to hear their song. This caused him to experience
represents the perilous journey millions of sperms must undertake, in order to
reach the desired egg and to create new life.
Orpheus was a legendary
musician, poet and prophet in Greek mythology.
He was the son of Apollo,
the God of music and the muse Calliope. Apollo gave Orpheus a golden lyre and
taught him to play it. Orpheus mother Calliope taught him to make verses for
The most famous story in which Orpheus
figures is that of his wife Eurydice. While walking in tall grass at her
wedding, she was trying to escape from a Satyr. She fell into a nest of vipers
and suffered a fatal bite in her heel. Orpheus discovered her dead body and,
overcome with grief, took the advice of the Gods and traveled with her to the
With his music and helped by Hermes, he
softened the hearts of Persephone and Hades (the underworld’s ruler) and they
allowed Eurydice to return with him to earth on one condition: he should walk
in front of her and not look back until they both had reached the upper world.
He set off, with Eurydice following, but in his
anxiety, as soon as he reached the upper world, he turned to look at her,
forgetting that both needed to be in the upper world. She vanished for the
second time, but now forever
Orpheus; 100 x 80 cm.
Orpheus was a
legendary musician, poet and prophet in Greek mythology.
He was the son of
Apollo, the god of music and the muse Calliope. Apollo gave Orpheus a golden
lyre and taught him to play it. His mother Calliope taught him to make verses
Here he is portrayed,
singing and playing at the festival in honour of Dionyssos, the god of wine
and dance and every creature in the forest had to come and listen to him play.
Orpheus was brutally killed
by the Maenads, out of jealousy, because after the loss of his love Eurydice,
he lost interest in all women. They were a group of female followers of
Dionysos, who punished them severely for this act of violence.
Uranus, or Ouranos meaning sky or
heaven was the primal Greek god personifying the sky. Uranus, or Father Sky was
the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth. Uranus and Gaia were the parents of
the first generation of Titans and the ancestors of most of the Greek Gods.
In the Olympian creation myth, Uranus
came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the
children she bore him. He imprisoned the children in Tartarus, deep within
earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle
and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest and most ambitious
of the Titans, was willing. He ambushed his father and castrated him, casting
the severed testicles into the sea.
From the genitals in the sea came forth
In Greek mythology, Pandora was the
first woman on earth. Zeus ordered Hephaestus, the god of craftsmanship, to
create her and so he did, by using water and earth. The Gods offered her many
gifts: Athene gave her clothes, Aphrodite beauty and Hermes speech.
When Prometheus stole fire from the gods,
Zeus took revenge by presenting Pandora to Prometheus brother Epimetheus. For
dowry Pandora was given a beautiful box, which she was not to open under any
circumstance. Driven by curiosity, given to her by the gods, Pandora opened it
and all evil it contained escaped and spread all over the world. She quickly
closed the lid, but the whole content had escaped, except for one thing that
laid at the bottom: the Angel of Hope.
Pandora was deeply saddened by what she
had done and afraid that she would have to face Zeus’ anger, since she had
failed her duty. But Zeus did not punish Pandora, because he had wanted this to
Today to open Pandora’s box means to
create evil that cannot be undone.
According to Greek mythology, Zeus held
a banquet in celebration of the marriage of Peleus and Thetis (parents of
Achilles). But Eris, goddess of conflict was not invited, for she would have
ruined the party. Angered by this snub, she arrived at the celebration with a
golden apple from the garden of the Hesperides, which she threw into the
proceedings, upon which was the inscription:”for the fairest one".
Three goddesses claimed the apple:
Hera, Athena and Aphrodite. They asked Zeus to judge which of them was the
fairest and he, reluctant to favour anyone himself, declared that Paris, a
Trojan mortal, would judge their cases, for he had shown his exemplary fairness
in an contest with the god Ares.
Guided by Hermes, the three candidates,
portrayed as barbies, bathed in the spring of Ida, then, undressed and naked
hoping to appear more sexual than the other two. During the inspection, each
attempted with their powers to bribe him: Hera offered him the kingdom of
Europe and Asia; Athena wisdom and skill in
war; and Aphrodite the world’s most beautiful woman, Helen of Sparta, wife of
the Greek king Menelaus. Paris
accepted Aphrodite’s gift and gave her the apple, which got him Helen as well
as the enmity of the Greeks. The Greeks’ expedition to retrieve Helen from Paris in Troy
is the mythological basis of the Trojan War.
is one of the best known fantastical as well as mythological creatures in Greek
is a winged divine horse, usually shown as white coloured. His father was
Poseidon, god of the sea, who had sexual intercourse with his mother, the
mermaid Medusa on the floor of a temple to Athena. This angered the goddess,
who changed Medusa into a monster.
when the hero Perseus beheaded her, Pegasus emerged from her neck.
with Athene on his back traveled to Olympus,
where he was stabled with Zeus’ other steeds and was given the task of carrying
For his faithful service he was honoured with transformation
into a constellation.
this painting he is shown, trying in vain to escape from the computerized
world, to which he is unwillingly bound.
Persephone, in Greek mythology, the
goddess of vegetation, has been abducted by Hades, King of the Underworld. Her
mother, Dimitra, goddess of the harvest, sets nature at a stop.
All living things start to die. To save the earth Hades lets Persephone go for a
period of six months. Thus every spring and summer, nature is being restored.
This painting represents Persephone, whose life
bringing powers are being sacrificed in order to keep the consumption of the
world at an unnecessary high level.
Her cross is constructed from huge factory
In Greek mythology
Phaethon was the son of the
Oceanid Clymene and Apollo, god of the sun or Helios.
challenged by his playmates, sought assurance from his mother that his father
really was the god of the sun. She gave him the requested assurance and told
him to turn to his father for confirmation. He asked his father for some proof
that would demonstrate his relationship with the sun. When Apollo promised to
grant him whatever he wanted, he insisted on being allowed to drive the sun
chariot for a day. His father tried to talk him out of it, by mentioning that
not even Zeus, the king of gods, could drive this chariot, but Phaeton
With Phaeton at the
reigns of the chariot, the horses felt a weaker person in charge and he was
unable to control them. The earth was in danger of being burnt and, to prevent
this disaster, Zeus killed him with a thunderbolt.
A Phoenix is a mythical
bird with a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet, according to some
legends. It has a 500 to 1000 year life-cycle, near the end of which it builds
itself a nest of twigs that then ignites. Both nest and bird burn fiercely and
are reduced to ashes, from which a new young Phoenix
or Phoenix egg
arises, reborn anew to live again.
new Phoenix is
destined to live as long as it’s old self. The Phoenix’s ability to be reborn from it’s own
ashes implies that it is immortal.
This painting shows the causes and disastrous
effects of worldwide pollution.
Factory chimneys like sickles of death
with in the background the remaining skull of the sun.
was a son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. He, like his brothers and sisters, was
swallowed by Cronus at birth, but later they were all saved by his brother
Zeus, whom his mother had hidden among a flock of sheep.
the world was divided by lot in three, Zeus received the sky, Hades the
underworld and Poseidon the sea.
competed with Athene to be the patron god of Athens. They would each give the
Athenians one gift to choose from. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident
and created a spring. This would give them a means of trade and water (which,
unfortunately was salty and undrinkable). Athene offered them the first
domesticated olive tree, which provided wood, oil and food. The olive tree was
chosen and with it Athene’s patronage.
at his loss, Poseidon sent a monstrous flood to the Attic Plain, to punish the
Athenians for not choosing him.
Prometheus is a Titan, the son of
Lapetus and Clymene, and brother to Atlas
Prometheus played a trick against Zeus: At a sacrificial meal marking ‘the settling of accounts’ between mortals and
immortals, he placed two sacrificial offerings before the Olympian;
A selection of beef hidden inside an
ox’s stomach (good food hidden inside an unattractive exterior), and the bull’s
bones wrapped completely in glistening fat (something inedible hidden inside an
attractive exterior). Zeus chose the latter, setting a precedent for future
From then onwards, humans would keep
the meat for themselves and burn the bones wrapped in fat as an offering to the
gods. This irritated Zeus, who kept his fire from humans in retribution.
Prometheus in turn, stole fire from the
gods and gave it back to mankind, which angered Zeus enormously and caused his
severe punishment of Prometheus.
is a Titan, the son of Lapetus and Clymene and brother to Atlas.
to Greek mythology, he created mankind from earth and his life-giving tears.
addition he gave humans fire, which he stole from the gods after Zeus withheld
it from them. Prometheus claims furthermore to have taught them the art of
civilization, such as writing, mathematics, agriculture, medicine and science.
The Titan’s greatest benefaction for mankind seems to have saved them from
painting represents Prometheus with all good people rising up toOmega
( = perfection) and the bad ones
stay in darkness in the underworld. Here represented by the bombardment of Gaza. After all his
benefaction to the human race, Prometheus is totally appalled at the outcome of
goddess of the moon, was the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia and
sister to Helios, god of the sun.
Helios finishes his journey across the sky, Selene freshly washed in the waters
of earth-circling Oceanus, begins her own journey as night falls upon earth.
The radiance of her immortal head and golden crown light the earth during her
her lover, was so handsome that she asked Zeus to grant him eternal sleep, so
that he would forever stay young and thus never leave her. Every night Selene
slipped down behind Mount
Latmus to visit him and
give birth to their 50 famously beautiful daughters.
the story of Endymion is the best-known one today, Selene also had a daughter
with Zeus, Pandia (all bright), goddess of the full moon.
Temptations can be found at all times
is not only money as many materialists think, it is much more than that.